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Painting is the practice of applying pigment suspended in a carrier (or medium) and a binding agent (a glue) to a surface (support) such as paper, canvas or a wall. This is done by a painter; this term is used especially if this is his or her profession. Humans have been painting for about 6 times as long as they have been using written language. Artistic painting is considered by many to be among the most important of the art forms.


History of Painting

History painting , as formulated in 1667 by André Félibien, a historiographer, architect and theoretician of French classicism, was in the hierarchy of genres considered to be the grande genre .

History paintings included paintings with religious, mythological, historical, literary, or allegorical subjects--they embodied some interpretation of life or conveyed a moral or intellectual message.

The gods and goddesses from the ancient mythologies represented different aspects of the human psyche, figures from religions represented different ideas, and history, like the other sources, represented a dialectic or play of ideas. For a long time, especially during the French Revolution, history painting often focused on depiction of the heroic male nude; though this waned into the 19th century.

In the mid-nineteenth-century there arose a style known as historicism, which marked a formal imitation of historical styles and/or artists.


Painting Techniques

Painting techniques include:

  • Impasto
  • Wash
  • Glaze
  • Grisaille
  • Scumble
  • Pointillism (aka divisionism, 'stippling')
  • Sfumato
  • Sumi-e
  • New materials (painting)
  • Computer painting (Digital)
  • (Partially) destructive techniques like grattage and peinture brulée, with which Joan Miró, among others, experimented.

Painting supports

  • Paper
  • Canvas
  • Panel
  • Mural (Walls)

Painting Media

The medium is the vehicle that the pigment is suspended or embedded in. There is a certain amount of overlap in painting with media usually used in drawing as well.

Examples include:

  • Oil, including the newer water-miscible oils
  • Heat-set oils
  • Acrylic
  • Gouache
  • Ink
  • Pastel, including dry pastels, oil pastels, and pastel pencils
  • Tempera
  • Encaustic (wax)
  • Watercolor
  • Fresco
  • Spray paint ( Graffiti )

Popular painting styles

'Style' is used in two senses:

Individual style can refer to the distinctive visual elements, techniques and methods that typify a single mature artist's work. 'Style' can also refer to the movement or school that an artist is associated with. Additionally, this can stem from an actual group that the artist was consciously involved with or it can be a category in which art historians have placed the painter.

The word 'style' has fallen out of favour in discussions about contemporary painting, though it continues to be used in popular contexts.

Painting styles

  • Realism
  • Impressionism
  • Pointillism
  • Naïve art
  • Cubism
  • Modernism
  • Mannerism
  • Abstract
  • Postmodernism
  • Constructivism
  • Hard-edge
  • Graffiti
  • Pop-Art
  • Op-Art

Common painting idioms

Painting idioms include:

  • Allegory
  • Bodegon
  • Botanical
  • Figure painting
  • Illustration
  • Industrial
  • Landscape
  • Portrait
  • Still life
  • War
Thangka Catalog
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24.5 x 18.7 White Tara Thangka Painting
White Tara represents the enlightened and liberating activity of all the Buddhas. She embodies the motherly aspect of universal compassion.
Price: US$ 399.00
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32 x 23 Padmapani Lokeshvara Black and White Thangka Painting
Padmapani means lotus in hand, and his left hand holds the stalk of the lotus. The right hand, opening outward, is lowered in a gesture of granting favors, which also indicates his readiness ...
Price: US$ 714.29
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38.5 x 24.5 Avalokiteshvara Mandala Thangka Painting
The Mandala represents "palace of purity" a magic sphere cleared of spiritual obstacles and unpurified.
Price: US$ 499.00
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22 x 17 Hevajra Newari Thangka Painting
Hevajra is also one of the popular Yidam deities of Nepalese Buddhism belonging to Highest Yoga Tantra.
Price: US$ 199.23

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